Think rice, rubber, and cars. The story is here.
Yesterday was the Post‘s 64th anniversary, and the paper was delivered with accompanying 3D glasses affixed to a special outer advertising supplement. 3D photos were used in the supplement as well as throughout the paper itself.
Here’s a cell phone pic:
So how did the 3D effect work? It seemed, well, fine to me — though I must say that I have never seen a newspaper in 3D, so I have nothing to which I can compare the experience.
I’ve been meaning, for some time, to write a post about audio recorders. Over the past few years, I’ve had the opportunity to
play with use several recorders for casual and professional purposes. And I thought it would be helpful to compile a few tips and suggestions in one place. So here goes:
For interviews and non-broadcast use
For everyday recording I suggest a simple, relatively inexpensive Olympus unit, like the Olympus WS-500, similar to the unit pictured here. This device costs about $70 at Amazon.com. I have a slightly older version of this recorder. Some features:
- These devices work well for interviews, as the recorders are easy to use, non-obtrusive, and lightweight.
- They have copious amounts of internal memory, so you can record hours and hours at a time. The WS-500, for example, has 2GB of internal memory, which according to Olympus is enough for 545 hours of recording time.
- The single AAA battery lasts for a very long time — I use my Olympus several times a month and have only had to change the battery a handful of times in three years.1
- For transcribing interviews, the internal speaker on units like these are fine for playback, though the device also has a jack for headphones. If you want to transfer the audio files to your computer for storage or editing, the unit has a convenient built-in USB port. For playback directly from the unit, a button allows you to listen to recordings at a slower or faster speed. This is especially helpful when transcribing interviews you’ve conducted with fast talkers.2
- Note that the Olympus units record in Windows Media Audio (WMA) format. That means that if you’re on a Mac, you’ll need to use a special application to covert the WMA audio files to mp3s. I recommend the easy-to-use EasyWMA audio converter.
So how good does the audio sound? The quality you’ll get with a unit like this is fine for casual use, but the quality isn’t high enough for radio or Web broadcast. That said, you can plug an internal mic and grab some decent sound.
For example, here’s a 21-second mp3 I recorded of traffic in Hanoi a couple of years back with my trusty Olympus:
For Web or broadcast use
If you want to record audio for professional broadcast, you’ll have to spend a bit more money. For the past couple of years, I’ve been using — and really love — the Sony PCM D50.
This unit typically costs about $600. But the relatively high price tag is justified by its top-notch recordings. This model is particularly popular with radio journalists, as it’s a less expensive version of the Sony PCM D1
, which costs upward of $2000.
The PCM D50 has been out for a few years, and you can now find it on Amazon.com for $440.
Here are some of the PCM D50′s features:
- The audio quality is excellent: 96 kHz/24-bit.
- The unit has built-in dual condenser microphones that can be angled for various purposes.
- The device is rugged, with an aluminum — not plastic — shell, and though I don’t recommend treating it roughly, it can withstand some serious jostling.
- The PCM D50 has 4GB of internal memory, so there’s plenty of room for recording many hours of audio.
- The unit has an easy to use recording level dial, so that you can ensure that what you’re recording isn’t too loud.
- The unit has a divide track button, so that you can create a new track on the fly. That is, you don’t have to press stop, and then press record again. Just press divide track, and you’ll continue recording in a new track.
- The PCM D50 takes four AA batteries and records in the uncompressed WAV format, which works on PCs and Macs.
One thing: I suggest purchasing the optional windscreen, since the mics are so sensitive that they pick up wind noise very easily, even from simply walking across a room. This windscreen is a bit pricey, at over $40, so if you don’t want to spring for the official Sony version, you can always fashion your own out of an old sock (preferably a clean one) or some other sound-absorbing material.
How does the audio sound?
For a sample of the PCM D50 in action, you can check out an audio slide show I created called scenes from Calcutta. I also used the device to create a CNNGo.cm audio slide show about chef David Thompson.
In the last few months, a new Sony model has caught my eye: the Sony PCM M10. It’s currently under $400 at Amazon.com.
Two notable features: The unit can record in mp3 format (so format conversions aren’t necessary), and it has built-in speaker, which makes for easier playback. (In order to play back audio from the PCM D50, you have to listen with headphones.) Here’s a video review of the PCM M10 on Youtube.
Perhaps, in a future post, I’ll discuss external mics and audio editing software. But I’ll leave it at this for now.
- One more note on batteries: Many small audio recorders, as well as larger, more sophisticated ones, use AA or AAA batteries. Environmental concerns aside, disposable batteries are preferable to rechargeable ones because you can replace disposable batteries in the field. If you’re off in the wilderness, let’s say, and your rechargeable batteries run out of juice, far from an electrical outlet, you’re out of luck. [↩]
- Also, a note about evolving technologies: In my experience, few people use mini disc recorders these days. It’s all digital, all the time. That said, I think there’s a place for older technologies. Take the simple, cheap cassette recorder. For documenting interviews, these work just fine. Cassette recorders are actually better than digital voice recorders in one way: You can look at cassette recorders and see that their wheels turning, so you know they’re functioning. Yes, digital recorders have lights that illuminate when they’re running, but sometimes — especially in hectic situations — these lights can lead to confusion. As in, is that the power light, or is the unit actually recording? [↩]
I have devoted numerous posts to Thailand’s ongoing political instability of late, often linking to various media reports. But I realized that I have neglected, in recent months, to point to some of my own stories. So here’s a re-cap:
I cannot link to my BNA stories here since they’re subscriber-only, but some recent topics I have covered include:
- Thailand’s Map Ta Phut industrial estate issue2
- Labor issues and economic governance in Vietnam
- Asia’s economic recovery
- How exporting firms in Thailand are using the country’s various free trade agreements
I also recent wrote a recent story for AFP about Thai rice farmers and free trade. You can see the piece on the Jakarta Globe site here. It ran on March 7.
And, finally, I have written a number of fun travel/lifestyle stories for CNNGo.com of late. Here are a few:
- Attention dogs: How to live the good life in Bangkok
- 3 work-friendly Bangkok office escapes
- Q&A with Bangkok 8 author John Burdett
- The Siam Sunray: Chasing down Thailand’s ’signature’ cocktail3
Some links that have caught my eye of late:
- In Lawmaker’s Outburst, a Rare Breach of Protocol [NYTimes.com] — About S.C. Rep. Joe Wilson's "you lie" outburst.
- "What is aim of Thailand's 'red shirts' movement?" [Reuters] — Q&A-style analysis from Reuters.
- "List of inventors killed by their own inventions" [Wikipedia] — "This is a list of inventors whose deaths were in some manner caused by or related to a product, process, procedure, or other innovation that they invented or designed."
- The right kind of college rankings [James Fallows] — James Fallows on the Washington Monthly‘s new list of top universities.
- Federer's Footwork: Artful and Efficient [NYTimes.com] — An interactive feature from the NYT.
- "Five concrete steps to improving the news" [Newsless.org] — More on journalism and context at the always-excellent Newsless.org.
- "1984, a fine year for movies" [Kottke.org] — a "list of the most popular movies from 1984." Some real gems here.
- "Smells of New York City" [Interactive feature from NYTimes.com] — "New York secretes its fullest range of smells in the summer; disgusting or enticing, delicate or overpowering, they are liberated by the heat. So one sweltering weekend, I set out to navigate the city by nose…"
Some links that have caught my eye of late:
- Facebook Exodus [NYTimes.com] — "Things fall apart; the center cannot hold. Facebook, the online social grid, could not command loyalty forever…"
- Bumpy Pitch — retro US soccer shirts. — Very cool. Love the Beth Steel FC tee, especially.
- The Chart of Fantasy Art [The Publisher Files] — Which artistic elements are most common on fantasy book covers? Swords and "glowy magic" lead the way…
- "Best of Wikipedia" — [bestofwikipedia.tumblr.com] — Via kottke.org
- "We Can't Afford to Ignore Myanmar" — Sen. Jim Webb's NY Times op-ed — US Sen. Jim Webb writes about his recent visit to Myanmar, US engagement, and China's influence.
- Showcase: Forgotten Elephants [Lens Blog -- NYTimes.com] — "Once the revered symbol of Thai culture, the backbone of industry and the protector of the country’s sovereignty during war, elephants now wander the streets of Bangkok, reduced to providing rides for tourists and helping their owners beg for their next meal."
- Is Britain really like The Wire? [BBC} -- "It's a TV series featuring murderous villains, cynical politicians and corrupt, lazy detectives. Fans of The Wire say it's a realistic portrayal of American poverty, violence and hopelessness. But what, if anything, do the mean streets of Baltimore, Maryland, have to do with Britain?"
- Old Growth Media And The Future Of News [StevenBerlinJohnson.com] — "I think that steady transformation from desert to jungle may be the single most important trend we should be looking at when we talk about the future of news."
- "Twitter Postings: Iterative Design" [Jakob Nielsen's Alertbox] — How to write easy-to-read tweets.
The newspaper industry in the US is suffering, as we know. But an Indonesian billionaire thinks there’s room for another English-language paper in Jakarta. In November, James Riady launched the Jakarta Globe to compete head-to-head with the well-established Jakarta Post.
Today’s IHT has the story: “Indonesian billionaire takes on the Jakarta Post”
That it is probably the worst time in history to start a daily newspaper is not, at least for the moment, on the minds of the people behind The Jakarta Globe.
The Globe, an English-language paper that hit the newsstands in November, is an unusual sight in this era of the shrinking – or disappearing – newspaper: It is a 48-page broadsheet, big enough to cover your desk when unfolded and painted head to toe in color.
The paper is backed by the billionaire James Riady, deputy chairman of the powerful Lippo Group and one of the wealthiest people in Indonesia, with interests including real estate, banking and retail.
Riady is also a budding media mogul. He owns the Indonesian business magazine Globe and is developing a Web portal and a cable television news channel.
“I think they are serious about creating a media empire, becoming the Rupert Murdoch of South East Asia,” said Lin Neumann, The Globe’s chief editor.
This snippet caught my eye, as well:
Neither The Post nor The Globe would discuss advertising revenue or circulation figures. Bayuni said The Globe had not yet cut into The Post’s circulation.
The papers’ editors, however, both pointed to Bangkok as an example of a market that has been able to sustain two English-language broadsheets, although Bangkok is a much bigger market than Jakarta. Both said they would aim at the growing Indonesian middle class – a group that is increasingly learning, working and reading in English. More than half of The Post’s readers are Indonesian, as opposed to expatriate, and The Globe, recognizing this trend, is betting on the local population to increase its market share.
And there’s this, about competition for journalists in Jakarta:
The two papers are fighting over journalists as well as readers. Finding experienced, English-speaking local journalists is not always easy here and the competition for them is high. The papers, however, are taking different approaches.
The Globe has put together a team of about 60 Indonesian reporters, recruiting from wire services like Agence France-Presse and Reuters. One of its deputy editors is Bhimanto Suwastoyo, who worked for AFP for more than 20 years and is widely considered one of the best local journalists.
The Post, on the other hand, has long been a training ground for local reporters looking to get their start in the industry. The paper offers a training program in exchange for service of as long as two years.
Often, Bayuni said, those reporters move on to more prestigious or lucrative positions. Bloomberg News employs six former Post reporters.
Some snippets that caught my eye:
On media ubiquity
- CNN now is as close as any news entity is to achieving ubiquity, with an array of television channels, Web sites, a radio network, airport TV sets and magazines. It is even signing up newspapers for a wire service — fed by CNN.com — that will compete with The Associated Press.
The challenge, for Mr. Estenson and others, is to make CNN.com more distinctive. At the end of a long day recently, he showed a visitor screen grabs of four Web pages on his Macbook Air.
“When you look at the top news sites, they often look almost identical,” he says, gesturing to the home pages of CNN, ABC News, The Wall Street Journal and Yahoo News. Down to photo choices and color schemes, the four sites look practically interchangeable and utilitarian, he says — hence his emphasis on the power of “unique signatures.”
On high-traffic times
- Tracking audience sweet spots is also a juggling act. CNN’s television arm exerts much of its pull during the prime-time hours of 8 to 11 p.m., when advertising rates and audience levels are highest. But for the Web news desk in Atlanta, prime time is the lunch hour, when users log on during work breaks.
More broadly, Ms. Golden defines “Web prime” as 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. During those hours, the home page will feature six or seven lead stories, on average, so no one headline lingers too long.
- CNN.com formally achieved profitability eight years ago, the company said; Time Warner doesn’t break out separate revenue figures for the unit. In an era when “monetization” is a buzz word among news organizations migrating to the Web, CNN.com has been able to capitalize on its traffic surge by keeping visitors on the site longer, thus exposing them to more ads.
It’s also trying to make money from more experimental forays. During the inauguration coverage on Tuesday, for the first time, CNN.com Live, the Web site’s video arm, will include TV-style commercial breaks. Until now the only ads on the streaming service have been snippets that play before the main clip, and small sponsorship banners.
Amid a recession, advertising sales are sluggish on television and online, putting a damper on CNN’s growth plans. But CNN.com is expected to remain flush; while Web revenue doesn’t match TV’s, the costs aren’t nearly as high.
It’s no secret that the American newspaper industry is in trouble.
This New Yorker article by James Surowiecki from late December summarizes some of the problems:
- Advertising revenue is down. Way down. Department stores and real estate advertisers have been hit hard by the economic downturn. And online ads aren’t as lucrative as print ads.
- Fewer people subscribe to newspapers now. Surowiecki notes that “as a percentage of the population, newspapers have about half as many subscribers as they did four decades ago — but the Internet helped turn that slow puncture into a blowout.”
- Newspaper companies, critics say, have failed to innovate. Surowiecki says they’ve focused on the product — the newspaper — rather than the consumer.
- Ironically, papers like the New York Times are actually more widely-read now than, say, 10 years ago. But revenues are down since most readers are accessing the site online, for free.
- For solutions to the profit problem, Surowiecki points to a foundation/nonprofit model, bailouts from rich patrons, or increased online revenues.
Where do newspapers go from here?
Here are some resources for further reading:
- New York Magazine: “The New Journalism: Goosing the Gray Lady”
- The Atlantic: End Times: Can America’s paper of record survive the death of newsprint? Can journalism?
- Slate: “How Newspapers Tried to Invent the Web. But failed”
- Columbia Journalism Review: “Overload! Journalism’s battle for relevance in an age of too much information”
- The Atlantic: “Why I Blog,” by Andrew Sullivan.
- If you’re interested in the future of online journalism, I suggested following a few folks on Twitter. Jay Rosen, a journalism professor at NYU, is an endless source of interesting thoughts. And so is Steve Yelvington, a new media strategist.
Here’s what I’ve been reading lately:
- Boston.com: “How the city hurts your brain…And what you can do about it”
The city has always been an engine of intellectual life, from the 18th-century coffeehouses of London, where citizens gathered to discuss chemistry and radical politics, to the Left Bank bars of modern Paris, where Pablo Picasso held forth on modern art. Without the metropolis, we might not have had the great art of Shakespeare or James Joyce; even Einstein was inspired by commuter trains.
And yet, city life isn’t easy. The same London cafes that stimulated Ben Franklin also helped spread cholera; Picasso eventually bought an estate in quiet Provence. While the modern city might be a haven for playwrights, poets, and physicists, it’s also a deeply unnatural and overwhelming place.
Now scientists have begun to examine how the city affects the brain, and the results are chastening.
- AFP: “Thailand blocks 2,300 websites for insulting monarchy”
Thai authorities have blocked 2,300 websites for allegedly insulting the country’s revered monarchy and are waiting for court approval to restrict another 400, the government said Tuesday.
The blocking of the websites under harsh lese majeste laws which protect King Bhumibol Adulyadej has been criticised by rights groups and media organisations in recent months.
- Suzanne Yada: “Resolutions for journalism students, part I: Become invaluable” and “Resolutions for journalism students, part II: Network like mad”
If I only had two career resolutions for 2009, it would be these:
1) Become invaluable, and
2) Network like mad.
- Winterspeak: “It ain’t over”
…The US has had a high volatility, but flat 13 years, with the near and medium term outlook decidedly gloomy. Will we have 20 years of flat, but high vol, equity prices?
- CJR: “Interview with Clay Shirky, Part I”
“There’s always a new Luddism whenever there’s change.”
- Tools for News — a compendium of tools for online and multimedia journalists
- Read Write Web: “2009 Web Predictions”
It’s time for our annual predictions post, in which the ReadWriteWeb authors look forward to what 2009 might bring in the world of Web technology and new media.
Looking back at our 2008 Web predictions, we got some of them right! “The big Internet companies will [embrace] open standards” (Google, Yahoo and others did this); “Mobile web usage will be a big story in 2008″ (check!); “Web Services platforms will be a fierce battleground” (Microsoft Azure and Google App Engine were released and AWS grew). We also got some wrong, including most of our acquisition picks! Digg, Twitter, Zoho, Tumblr – all remain independent. Not to be deterred, we’ve made new acquisition predictions for ’09… although the names will be familiar